How To Give First Aid In Emergency Case

How To Give First Aid In Emergency Case - ASTM PVT LTD

When at high altitude where professional care difficult to reach it is necessary to be trained in basic first aid. This blog should help to prepare you for most emergencies situation which you learn in first aid training Center.

Here Are Some Tips And Tricks:

Severe Bleeding - ASTM PVT LTD

[1] Severe Bleeding

Blood can be lost very quickly from a severed artery, not least because it is highly pressurized. Extensive blood loss can be easily lead to shock, unconsciousness or death.

To Treat, Follow The Instructions Below:

  1. Lay the person down and try to raise the injured portion, which reduces blood flow to the area and slows down blood loss.
  2. Using a clean dressing or a clean clothing, keep firm pressure on the wound.
  3. With a clean dressing over the wound, firmly apply a bandage. If a bandage is not available a scarf can be used as a substitute till one can be found.
  4. If the binding becomes soaked in blood, then not to remove it. Instead of pressure for another 10 minutes.
  5. Seek for the medical help if bleeding does not stop.
HEAD INJURY - ASTM PVT LTD

[2] Head Injury

A head injury may not always be visible. Sometimes there is no injury so you must look out for other signs, even though a severe head injury may be present without any signs.

Signs May Include:

1. Blood or any liquid seeping from the ear

2. Unconsciousness

3. Dizziness

4. Nausea

5. Headache

To Treat, Follow The Instructions Below:

1. In the situation of a wound, try to put skin flaps back in place.

2. Using a clean dressing press firmly on the wound.

3. If the person is conscious situations lay down but raises their head.

4. If they have fluid leaking from an ear, secure a dressing over it and tilt the person head to allow free drainage.

5. If condition worsens then seek the medical help.

Internal Bleeding - ASTM PVT LTD

[3] Internal Bleeding

Internal bleeding is the result of ruptured blood vessels which allow blood to leak into cavities inside the body. It can be caused by a sprain or a fracture, or a blow to the body which is strong enough to burst a blood vessel but not the skin.

Signs May Include:

1. Pain in the area

2. Cold, clammy skin

3. Fainting

4. Loss of color

5. Being out of breath

6. An irregular pulse

7. Nausea

8. Dizziness

9. Dilated pupils

10. Swelling or bruising at the site

To Treat, Follow The Instructions Below:

1. Begin mouth to mouth resuscitation

2. Don’t give the person anything to drink

3. Descend immediately

Fractures - ASTM PVT LTD

[4] Fractures

A fracture is a cracked bone or broken bone. There are two types of fracture simple and compound fracture. A simple fracture does not penetrate the skin, but if it is left untreated, it can develop into the compound fracture. It is where the bone pierces the skin and causes serious bleeding.

Signs May Include:

1. Pain and tenderness

2. Swelling

3. Bruising

4. Difficulty moving

5. Difficulty breathing

6. Change in skin color

To Treat, Follow The Instructions Below:

1. Take care of any bleeding.

2. Lightly cover an open wound using the clean dressing.

3. Keep the person warm.

4. Secure the injured limb to a stable part of the body. Fractured arms should always support the body using a sling, usually made from a triangular bandage.

Mouth to Mouth Resuscitation - ASTM PVT LTD

Breathing can be stopped in many conditions, notably a heart attack, electric shocks, drowning, and suffocation. Diagnosing for certain may be tricky. If a person has stopped breathing, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation is needed. The method has different types of different situations, as shown below:

To Treat, Follow The Instructions Below:

 [A] Adults Mouth to Mouth

1. Put the two fingers under the chin and hand on the forehead tilt the person head back.

2. Hold their nostrils closed, breathe in and place your mouth. Breathe out until their chest rises.

3. Remove your mouth to allow the chest to fall.

4. Give 10-15 breaths then check for a pulse. If there is no pulse, then give a CPR.

5. Continue method at 10 breaths per minute.

[B] Mouth to Nose

1. This method used when it is difficult to breathe through the mouth.

2. Put the two fingers under the chin and hand on the forehead tilt the person head back.

3. Hold the person's mouth closed, take a deep breath and place your mouth around the person's nose.

4. Breathe into nostrils quite forcefully until the chest rises.

5. Remove your hand and mouth to allow the air to escape. Continue at 10 breaths per minute.

 

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