How Vocational Education Has Solved Unemployment!
Unemployment is one of today's growing global problem. The International Labour Organization describes the problem as a long-term persistent trend affecting up to 30 percent of the global labour force, a daunting 820 million people.
The human cost of this deteriorating situation is borne for the most part by the citizens of the world's lesser developed countries. But in some countries, much of the drive and capacity needed to manage this problem are also to be found:
Developing countries have a wealth of existing and aspiring entrepreneurs who can be helped, through Self-employment, to face the threat of unemployment. Vocational training has a role to play in helping them achieve this. Vocational education has partly contributed to the high unemployment and rising poverty among the youth because most of them lack the necessary job skills. They are struggling with the challenges of acquiring employable skills because the society is focused mostly on formal university education.
Most people appear to feel that graduates of vocational institutions are not equal to the university graduates. This attitude reflects the employers preference for regular university graduates during recruitment. Vocational education is designed to offer training to improve individual’s general proficiency, especially with their present and future occupations.
Vocational education systems mainly concentrate on helping individuals to gain employment in the Small and Medium Enterprise sectors. Having the right skills in right place and at the right time is essential in the labour markets to operate efficiently, and this eases unemployment bottlenecks.
We have a country that believes more on paper qualifications. As a result, there is a high rate of unemployment in the country. This is largely attributed to the death of employable workforce. In order to reverse the trend, it has become inevitable to build capacity through vocational training to impart the much-needed skills.
The Government should also increase funding for vocational education and technical education. Additionally, parents should encourage their children to take on such opportunities because this will increase their involvement in the society. The government cannot provide employment for every citizen. After all, even in the so-called developed countries, we hear of unemployment difficulties.
The main aim of vocational training is to produce higher level technicians, and they require specific training. The higher level technician is a highly skilled worker, in other words, such a person gets an intermediate level education between the engineer and specialized worker, and this kind of training can be given only by a vocational institution.
The existing system needs to be improved, so as to attract more and more students to this fields' short-term courses. In other words, vocational education organizations need to develop a close relationship with the corporate world. Most important thing is the level of economic development in the country. Educational systems in the developing countries are so much higher that the level of training makes it easier to access to the world of employment opportunities.